You learnt how to say the dates in: Básico 1: The Date - Unit 6B

What's the date today?
Today is ...
They write:

You read:
6th April 2009

· (the) sixth (of) April two thousand and nine (more common said) / April (the) sixth (only in spoken language)
6 April 2009 (withouth "th" only in writting)

· (the) sixth (of) April two thousand and nine (more common said) / April (the) sixth (only in spoken language)
6th April

(the) 6th (of) April / April (the) 6th

April 6th

April (the) 6th.

12th March

(the) twelfth (of) March

(the) twenty-second (of) January two thousand and fourteen
My birthday is ...
on April (the) 6th.

on (the) 6th (of) April.


The present continuous has two main uses:

1. to talk about temporary actions happening now and around now (e.g. It's raining). You learnt this in Básico 1: Present Continuous - Unit 5B and in Básico 2: Present Continuous - Unit 1C

2. to talk about future actions (I'm leaving tomorrow).
· What are you doing this evening? I'm going to the cinema. (FUTURE ARRANGEMENT)
· What are you going to do tonight? (FUTURE PLAN)
NOT · What do you do this evening? I go to the cinema.

Many times the difference between the present continuous and a future plan is quite subtle, sometimes they may work as almost synonyms.
It is very common to use the present continuous with verbs such as: leave, arrive, go, come, ... because they often refer to previously made travel arrangements. "Be going to" is more common with actions for which you don't often make special arrangements, e.g. I'm going to buy a book this evening / I'm going to paint my nails latter is more common than I'm buying a book this evening / I'm painting my nails latter.

future forms wiki.JPG



· Verbs + prepositions

These type of verbs are not phrasal verbs, since they don´t change their meaning.

arrive in = ... open spaces (cities, countries, ...), e.g. I arrived in Mexico last Saturday.
arrive at = ... closed spaces (buildings, stations, ...), e.g. We arrived at the airport at 8pm.

speak to
when you speak to a person or group of people who just listen and do not respond in any way, like in a speech or auditorium or symposium.
I spoke to the graduating classes of 2009 in a symposium today.
It may imply a somewhat sense of authority. It also implies that only one person will be doing the speaking.
speak with
when the person you are in a conversation with someone, when he/she actually talks back.
I spoke with him and he said that everything is going to be fine.
It is much less assertive and implies dialogue rather than orders.

think about
to reflect or consider an idea in your mind.
What are you thinking about? I'm thinking about the party on Saturday.

think of
is usually used to ask someone's opinion about people and things.
What do you think of my shoes?

Other verbs + prepositions:

dream of: more used for day dreaming (i.e. when you are not sleeping), e.g. I've always dreamed of having a house in the country.
dream about: night dream, e.g. Last night I dreamt about you and me travelling around the world.

speak with: is common in US English and is heard ever more frequently in British English.
speak about: You "speak about something".

write preposition: in US English, Write me.
write + preposition: in British English, Write to me.

verbs with prepostions 01.jpg
verbs with prepostions 02.png


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