.

1. READING


Some differences between the British and American spelling (you don't need to learn all of them yet):

British English tends to keep the spelling of words it absorbes from other languages (eg. French), while American English tends to adapt the spelling to reflect the way that the words actually sound when they're spoken.

British

American


British

American
-tre

-ter


-ence

-ense
centre

center


defence

defense
fibre

fiber


licence

license
litre

liter


offence

offense
theatre

theater / theatre













-our

-or


-ogue

-og / -ogue
colour

color


analogue

analog / catalogue
flavour

flavor


catalogue

catalog / catalogue
humour

humor


dialogue

dialog / dialogue
labour

labor





neighbour

neighbor













-ize

-ize


-yse

-yze
apologize / apologise

apologize


analise

analize
organize / organise

organize


breathalyse

breathalize
recognize / recognise

recognize


paralyse

paralyze








ll

l


ae / oe

-e
fuel

fuel





fuelled

fueled


leukaemia

leukemia
fuelling

fueling


manoeuvre

maneuver
travel

travel


oestrogen

estrogen
travelled

traveled


paediatric

pediatric
travelling

traveling





traveller

traveler











2. GRAMMAR


· Past Continuous


Past Simple:
I took a photo in a park outside the Convention Center in 2008.
To refer that something that happen at a certain (or specific) point in the past.
Past simple timeline.JPG




Past Continuous:
I took a photo in a park outside the Convention Center in 2008 when everybody was looking at the TV screens.
To refer that something that happen at a certain (or specific) point in the past while something else was happening at the same time.
Past continuous vs past simple - timeline.jpg

The people were looking at the TV screens while they were waiting for the election results (when I took the photo).
To refer that something was happening at a certain (or specific) point in the past while something else was also happening at the same time.
Past continuous vs past continuous - timeline.jpg


When do we use the past continuous tense?

· At the beginning of a story to set the scene and to say what was happening: On January 20th I was vitising London with some friends. It was a sunny day and we were shopping the whole day.

· When the "actions in progress" (past continuous) are "interrupted" by a short completed action (past simple): We were shopping in a big shopping center when the lights suddenly went off.


















Activities:




Other examples:













Do the quiz:




Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:






3. VOCABULARY


This is what you learnt in Básico 1: Unit 4B - prepositions of place and time
PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE:
in
at
to
(possition)
(possition)
(movement)
I was in a restaurant last night.(public places)
a flat
an office
a room
I was at a restaurant last night. (public places)
home
school
university
work
He goes to the gym.
(He goes to home.)

PREPOSITIONS OF TIME:
in
on
at
the morning
the afternoon
the evening
January
(the) summer
1978
Tuesday (morning)
the 18th of February
my birthday
four o'clock
midday / midnight
lunchtime
night
the weekend
Christmas / Easter / New Year






But now you have to expand your knowledge in Básico 2:
in

on

at
PLACE

Countries and cities:
Spain, Madrid

Rooms:
the kitchen, the bathroom, a room, an office

Buildings:
a shop, a museum

Closed spaces:
a park, a garden

a car

Transport:
a bike, a bus, a train, a plane, a ship
(not car)

a surface:
the floor, a table, a shelf, the balcony, the roof, the wall, on TV

school, home, work, university

the airport, the station, a bus stop, a party, the door
Examples in sentences:
·He went to live in South America.
· I'm watching the last programme
in the Channel 4 series That'll Teach 'Em.

Examples in sentences:
·I'm watching footbal on TV.

Examples in sentences:
·I'm at school. / We'll meet at school.
·I go to school. / He goes back to school.
·We met at college.
·She's at a college in Madrid.
·We met at university.
·I bought a jacket at Barcelona airport.
·I had a shower at my apartment.





TIME

Months:
January, March

Seasons:
(the) summer, (the) winter

Years:
1978, 2009

Times of day:
the morning, the afternoon, the evening
(not night)

Dates (one date):
June 2nd (the 18th of February)

Days (one day):
Tuesday (morning), New Year's Day,
Valentine's Day, my birthday

Times:
four o'clock, half past three, 5.25
midday / midnight / noon
lunchtime

Festival periods (some days):
Christmas / Easter / New Year

night
the weekend


Examples in sentences:
·She does her homework usually
late on Sunday night.





.
Click on the pics to them bigger:
At-on-and-in-prepositions-of-place-0.png


prepositions of place time movement.jpg


2B at on in parts of the day.jpg

prepositions at on in.jpg


2B at in on.jpg

prepositions in on at.jpg

prepositions at in on.jpg







IN HOSPITAL
I was in hospital six days ago because I had an operation.
= cuando estás ingresado
My mother was in hospital for an operation.



AT HOSPITAL
My mother was at hospital while I was on surgery.
= cuando alguien va de visita
My mother was at the hospital when I had the operation.



IN THE HOSPITAL (= para decir que alguien está en el hospital) / AT ..... (cuando dices el nombre del hospital)Look at the dialogue:
Do you know where is John?
He is in the hospital!!!
Really, what happened?
He was in a car accident.
What hospital is he in?
He's at St. Joseph's.




at / on / in:








IN (you are just in a place)
AT (you have a purpose)
I'm in this room.
I'm at the office. (I'm working)
The dog is in the pharmacy.
The dog's master was at the pharmacy (to buy drugs).
I was in the airport. / I woke up in an airport (from a dream).
I was at the airport to pick up a friend of mine.


Oxford University Press Games: Prepositions




Prepositions of movement:
prepositions of movement.jpg




Do the quiz:







5. LISTENING


France government came close to collapse in May 1968, enveloped in what was the largest political action in a developed country to date; eleven million workers protested over a period of two weeks in a political anomaly that rejected both communism and capitalism.
Student leaders of 1968 emulated the style and icons of the earlier revolutions in France — at times to the point of caricature. At the top of their subversive icons was Marianne — an allegory of Liberty and Reason since the founding of the First French Republic. Ironically, in May ’68, it would be an English socialite, Caroline de Bendern, who came to symbolize her. In an iconic photo from that May, de Bendern was perched on the shoulders of her friend the painter Jean-Jacques Lebel, the instigator of Odeon Theatre occupation. De Bendern was a rebel, having expelled from numerous English boarding schools, modelled in Paris and New York, consorted with the likes of Andy Warhol and Lou Reed, and made experimental films with the Zanzibar group. However, on May 13th, she was just an accidental celebrity — she rode upon Lebel’s shoulder because her feet were sore. She waved the flag of Vietnam, not because she herself protested Vietnam war, but because it was the flag Lebel had been brandishing. Yet, the ultimate showman, she posed as Marianne from her elevated position — a solemn mockery of Delacroix’s immortal La Liberté guidant le peuple.
At Place Edmond Rostand, near the Jardin de Luxembourg, Jean-Pierre Rey took the above famous photo of her which was later published in Life Magazine on May 24th. Her patrician grandfather saw the photograph and disinherited her out of 7.5 million pounds largesse *. Caroline spent the rest of her life decennial and unsuccessfully suing Rey for the rights to the photo, in ’78, ’88, and ’98.
Life was not better for Marianne herself. The tarnished icon was phased out from on the stamps, and during the 1789 Revolution’s Bicentennial, she was hardly seen. The photo, on the other hand, made numerous appearances: on the covers of Les enfants de l’aube (The Children of the Dawn) by Patrick Poivre d’Arvor and Paris-Match’s commemorative edition on 1968.
*Her grandfather Maurice Arnold Deforest (1879-1968) was adopted by banker Baron Moritz Hirsch. No one knew where Deforest came from. It was alleged he was the illegitimate son of King Edward VII or an Austrian prince. The shadowy billionaire was later a Liechtenstein count (Graf von Bendern), a French lord (Châtelain of Beauregard), an English baron (Baron deForest) and a MP (for West Ham).

Taken from: https://iconicphotos.wordpress.com/tag/caroline-de-bendern/




6. SONG


Do the quiz:




Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:


.