.
Unit 2A is mainly to review some of the most important things (or at least very basic things) you learnt in Básico 1.
If you want to review anything from Básico 1:

review new book Basico 1 wiki.JPG








1. VOCABULARY


Holidays:

On holiday, I like ...

climbing a mountain


cycling
hacer ciclismo

doing voluntary work


driving

I like driving my car.
going abroad
salir del país
I like going abroad with my parents.
going away
salir de la ciudad (to the country, another town, ...)
I like going away with my family.
going camping
ir / salir de acampada

going cycling
ir a hacer ciclismo

going for a walk
salir a dar un paseo / caminar

(going on holiday)


going out (at night)
salir (de casa) por la noche
I like going out (to restaurants / to a club ...) with my friends.
going sailing
ir a navegar

going shopping


going sightseeing


going skiing
ir a esquiar

going surfing
ir a surfear

going to a hotel


going to a campsite
ir a un campamento

going to restarurants


going to the beach
ir a la playa
Why don't we go to the beach?
going to the cinema


going to the countryside
ir al campo
This Sunday we will go to the countryside.
going to the mountains
ir a la montaña
I prefer to go to the mountains.
going walking
ir a caminar

going swimming
ir a nadar

having a good time
pasármelo bien

having a massage
darme un masaje

meeting friends


playing

I like playing football
reading

I like reading a book.
running


sailing
navegar

seeing new places


seeing the sights


shopping


sitting in nature


skiing
esquiar

sleeping


surfing
surfear

sunbathing (on the beach)


swimming
nadar

travelling by boat
viajar en barco
I like travelling by boat.
travelling by bus
viajar en autobús
Travelling by bus can be cheapper than travelling by car.
travelling by car
viajar en coche
My mother always wants to travel by car, because she likes driving.
travelling by plane
viajar en avión
I've never travelled by plane.
travelling by train
viajar en tren
Travelling by train is very comfortable.
travelling abroad
viajar al extranjero
Have you ever travelled abroad?
visiting relatives


visiting museums and art galleries


walking
caminar

watching the stars


watching the sunset





Remeber that you studied the verb like + Vb. -ing in Básico 1: Unit 6B: like + (verb+ -ing)


rent = hire
rent
for a longer period of time: you rent a flat, an apartment, ...
hire
for a shor time: you hire skis, a bike, a boat, ...
With a car you can use hire or rent.





3. LISTENING


Click on the image and do the activities:
britishcouncil - talking about people.jpg


Click on the image and do the activities:
examenglish - Beijin.jpg



Do the quiz:




Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:




Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:







4. GRAMMAR


· was / were


You learnt was / were in Básico 1: Unit 7A: was / were


VERB TO BE
Present Simple

Past Simple (to talk about completed actions in the past)
I am

I was
I wasn't
Was I ...?
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn't
You are

You were
You weren't
Were you ...?
Yes, you were.
No, you weren't.
He is

He was
He wasn't
Was he ...?
Yes, he was.
No, he wasn't
She is

She was
She wasn't
Was she ...?
Yes, she was.
No, she wasn't
It is

It was
It wasn't
Was it ...?
Yes, it was.
No, it wasn't
We are

We were
We weren't
Were we ...?
Yes, we were.
No, we weren't.
You are

You were
You weren't
Were you ...?
Yes, you were.
No, you weren't.
They are

They were
They weren't
Were they ...?
Yes, they were.
No, they weren't.

was / were is used to talk about recent and distant completed actions in the past, e.g. I was sad this morning; Caesar was a Roman Emperor.




· Past Simple regular verbs


You learnt the past simple regular verbs in Básico 1: Unit 7B: past simple regular verbs

The past simple is used for completed actions in the past, both distant and recent.
The form of regular past simple verb is very easy.
· There isn't a third person change. All verbs end in -ed.

Present Simple
Past Simple
I want
I wanted
You want
You wanted
He wants
He wanted
She wants
She wanted
It wants
It wanted
We want
We wanted
You want
You wanted
They want
They wanted


I don't want
I didn't want
You don't want
You didn't want
He doesn't want
He didn't want
She doesn't want
She didn't want
It doesn't want
It didn't want
We don't want
We didn't want
You don't want
You didn't want
They don't want
They didn't want


Do I want ...?
Did I want ...?
Do you want ...?
Did you want ...?
Does he want ...?
Did he want ...?
Does she want ...?
Did she want ...?
Does it want ...?
Did it want ...?
Do we want ...?
Did we want ...?
Do you want ...?
Did you want ...?
Do they want ...?
Did they want ...?


Yes, I do.
Yes, I did.
Yes, you do.
Yes, you did.
Yes, he does.
Yes, he did.
Yes, she does.
Yes, she did.
Yes, it does.
Yes, it did.
Yes, we do.
Yes, we did.
Yes, you do.
Yes, you did.
Yes, they do.
Yes, they did.


No, I don't
No, I didn't.
No, you don`t.
No, you didn't.
No, he doesn't.
No, he didn't.
No, she doesn't.
No, she didn't.
No, it doesn't.
No, it didn't.
No, we don't.
No, we didn't.
No, you don't.
No, you didn't.
No, they don't.
No, they didn't.


· Past Simple irregular verbs


You learnt the past simple irregular verbs in Básico 1: Unit 7B: past simple irregular verbs

Irregular verbs are only irregular in the affirmative. In questions and negatives, as with regular verbs, he infinitive is used after did / didn't.

Present Simple
Past Simple
I buy
I bought
You buy
You bought
He buys
He bought
She buys
She bought
It buys
It bought
We buy
We bought
You buy
You bought
They buy
They bought


I don't buy
I didn't buy
You don't buy
You didn't buy
He doesn't buy
He didn't buy
She doesn't buy
She didn't buy
It doesn't buy
It didn't buy
We don't buy
We didn't buy
You don't buy
You didn't buy
They don't buy
They didn't buy


Do I buy ...?
Did I buy ...?
Do you buy ...?
Did you buy ...?
Does he buy ...?
Did he buy ...?
Does she buy ...?
Did she buy ...?
Does it buy ...?
Did it buy ...?
Do we buy ...?
Did we buy ...?
Do you buy ...?
Did you buy ...?
Do they buy ...?
Did they buy ...?


Yes, I do.
Yes, I did.
Yes, you do.
Yes, you did.
Yes, he does.
Yes, he did.
Yes, she does.
Yes, she did.
Yes, it does.
Yes, it did.
Yes, we do.
Yes, we did.
Yes, you do.
Yes, you did.
Yes, they do.
Yes, they did.


No, I don't
No, I didn't.
No, you don`t.
No, you didn't.
No, he doesn't.
No, he didn't.
No, she doesn't.
No, she didn't.
No, it doesn't.
No, it didn't.
No, we don't.
No, we didn't.
No, you don't.
No, you didn't.
No, they don't.
No, they didn't.



List of irregular verbs:
List of irregular verbs.jpg




irregular verbs - website.jpg








· could / couldn't


Could is a modal verb so it doesn't use auxiliaries. Could you play the piano? NOT Did you can play ...?


Could / couldn't don't change in the third person singular:
I could

I couldn't

Could I ...?
You could

You couldn't

Could you ...?
He could

He couldn't

Could he ...?
She ccould

She couldn't

Could she ...?
It could

It couldn't

Could it ...?
We could

We couldn't

Could we ...?
You could

You couldn't

Could you ...?
They could

They couldn't

Could they ...?

The verb after could is the infinitive without to: I could play the piano NOT I ccould to play the piano.



Great Britain:
A picture of the journey described on page 129.
2A Great Britain page 129.jpg



British Isles - United Kingdom - Great Britain - Ireland:

British Isles - United Kingdom - Great Britain - Ireland.jpg




Do the quiz:






5. PRONUNCIATION






Remember that you studied this in Básico 1: Unit 7B - Past tense regular verbs


1. unvoiced ending (/k/, /p/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/) + -ed = /t/

2. voiced ending (all the rest not included in 1. or 3.) + -ed = /d/

3. /d/ or /t/ ending + -ed /ɪd/












/k/ - book
/k/ - ask
/k/ - bake
booked
asked
baked

(/b/) - grab
grabed

/d/ - need
/d/ - attend
/d/ - decide
needed
attended
decided


/p/ - drop
/p/ - stop
/p/ - hope
/p/ - escape
dropped
stopped
hoped
escaped

(/g/) - hug
huged

/t/ - want
/t/ - arrest
/t/ - chat
/t/ - hate
wanted
arrested
chatted
hated


/f/ - laugh
laughed

(/l/) - travel
(/l/) - call
travelled
called





/s/ - pass
/s/ - relax
/s/ - miss
passed
relaxed
missed

(/n/) - learn
(/n/) - listen
learned
listened





/ʃ/ - wash
washed

(/r/) - honor
honored





// - watch
watched

(/v/) arrive
(/v/) - live
arrived
lived








(/ð/) - breathe
breathed








(/ʒ/) change
changed








(/z/) - please
pleased


















(/i/) - play
played








(/ʊ/) - show
showed





The difference between 1. and 2. is very small and can only be appreciated when a verb is said in isolation or is followed by a word beginning with a vowel, e.g. I liked it.



Voiced and unvoiced consonants:
Voiced consonants sounds are made in the throat by vibrating the vocal chords, e.g. /b/, /l/, /m/, /v/, etc.
Unvoiced consonant sounds are made in the mouth without vibration in the mouth, e.g. /p/, /k/, /t/, /s/, etc.

Hold one of your hands against your throat. You should feel a vibration in your throat when you pronounce the voiced sounds, but not for unvoiced sounds.






6. SPEAKING







1.
Where did you go?
I went to ...
2.
When did you go?
I went in ...
3.
Who did you go with?
I went with ...
4.
How did you get there?
I went by ...
5.
Where did you stay?
I stayed (in) ...
6.
How long were you there?
I was there for ...
7.
What was the weather like?
It was ...
8.
What did you do during the day?
During the day, I ...
9.
What did you do in the evening?
In the evening, I ...
10.
Did you buy any souvenirs?
Yes, I did. I bought ... / No, I didn't.








· Sightseeing






Useful language for showing interest


+

Really? / Wow! / Fantastic! / Great! / Amazing! / Unbelievable!
-

Oh no! / How awful!
?

Was it expensive? / Why? / What happened? / Is that right?

Practise with this conversation at home:
A
B
I went to London on holiday last year. It's a very beautiful city.
(Show interest.)
Yes. The city is very big, it has lots of museums and other places to visit.
(Show interest.)
The place I liked the most was the Buckingham Palace. It's huge and very luxurious. A book said it has 775 rooms.
(Show interest.)
Yes, but there is something I didn't like about London, everything is very expensive.
(Show interest.)
It's true. I wanted to buy a mug for my sister and it was 12 euros. Isn't it crazy?
(Show interest.)
So I decided to buy just a postcard.
(Show interest.)















Do the quiz:



Do the quiz:





· Play this game:

Find your way to the perfect family vacation - game.jpg

http://www.flipkey.com/blog/2012/11/20/find-your-way-to-the-perfect-family-vacation/





7. SONG


Do the quiz:




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